General Ted and Harriet Stroup at the Aincreville memorial
On 20 October 2018, a 100-year commemorative event was held in honor of U.S Army Captain Charles D. Harris and the 6th Engineers of the 3d Division in northeastern France. The event marked two weeks of fighting during General John J. Pershing’s Meuse-Argonne campaign that resulted in the liberation of Aincreville and Clery Le Grand from German occupation.
Captain Charles Dashiell Harris was company commander of B Company of the 6th Engineers. He was a member of the West Point Class of 1918, though the entire class actually graduated in 1917 and soon after, were promoted to captain. Captain Harris stood out in the action, leading actions that resulted in the German expulsion from these villages.
Four soldiers from the 6th Engineers (airborne) participated in the two memorial events. This monument in Clery Le Grand was originally in the woods behind.
Captain Harris was killed in this action and decorated posthumously with the French Croix de Guerre with Palm and the American Distinguished Service Cross. At that time, the U.S. Army did not award a Purple Heart medal for wounds in action. These two decorations are the second highest for valor awarded by both armies.
During the action as a company commander, Captain Harris eliminated three machine gun nests and captured several prisoners from his personal actions. After being shot in the chest capturing a fourth machine gun nest, he was carried to a Red Cross battlefield tent, which turned out to be German. He was treated but died from wounds.
Captain Harris was buried with battlefield respect by the Germans even during combat and his grave was marked with a wooden cross. Upon his body, wrapped in an army oilcloth was a note explaining that he was buried with dignity as best they could during the combat AND the Germans apologized with a note for taking his boots as their soldiers were missing boots or had none.
The memorial service for Capt. Harris in Aincreville
Captain Harris’s remains were eventually recovered by the American army and relocated several times, as was the practice after WWI with the mass casualty recovery operations. His family chose to have him returned to America for burial in the Harris family plot in Princeton, New Jersey as part of the massive “bring the boys home” effort by the Army and General Pershing in 1920.
In 1920, the French villages and his father, General Peter Charles Harris, arranged for a memorial stele be placed at the site of this fierce combat in a clump of white oak woods, Clair Chenes, around Clery Le Grand. That stele remains there today, cared for by village family members who owe the existence of their grandparents, then small children, to the 6th Engineers and Captain Harris. The other village of Aincreville established a significant monument in their town square for Captain Harris and the 6th Engineers and named their town square, Place Harris.
Also in 1920, General Harris and the mayor of Aincreville created a commemorative fringed Tri Color with gold embroidered lettering commemorating Captain Harris to hang in the mayor’s office. The flag remains there today, although now glass encased.
“Although Capt. Harris, like other WWI soldiers, did not receive medals but they were nevertheless awarded posthumously. With the help of medal collector, we obtained the medals that he would have been awarded. Harriet Stroup presented this medal rack to the Mayor of Aincreville, which made Harris an honorary citizen in 1993.”
During World War II, when Germans soldiers occupied the area, village leaders hid the flag in the lining of the mayor’s overcoat where it remained until 1945.
At the 75th anniversary commemoration, the village of Aincreville made Harris an honorary citizen.
This year, on the 100th anniversary of day he was killed, Aincreville and Clery Le Grand held ceremonies honoring Captain Harris.
Harriet and I were honored to participate in these ceremonies alongside ancestors of the villagers, both towns’ mayors, local dignitaries and French veterans. Le Souvenir Francois sponsored and conducted the ceremonies. Both ceremonies were awash with many French and American flags. It was a special honor to deliver my remarks in French.
A highlight for the French and the Americans in attendance was the presence of four American Soldiers from today’s 6th Engineer battalion, the World War I unit of Captain Harris. This unit, based in Alaska, has participated in every major Army conflict since WWI. These soldiers participated in two wreath laying events at the monuments for Captain Harris.
A Harris family representative spoke at both events, in French, thanking the villagers for their remembrance of Captain Harris.
The afternoon concluded with a reception, including champagne.
Gen. (ret) Ted Stroup Senior Advisor
A member of the Dawson team since 2014, Ted was formerly Assistant Director, Civil Works and Commander, Corps of Engineers District, Fort Worth.